Oil bounces as dollar falls

2011-06-02 13:36

London - Oil bounced on Thursday, reversing earlier losses as the dollar fell, although gains were capped by comments from an Opec delegate that the cartel might increase its supply target in a bid to temper prices.

By 1041 GMT, Brent crude futures rose 60 cents to $115.13 a barrel, while US oil futures were 17 cents firmer to $100.46 a barrel.

Brent reversed earlier losses as the dollar index, a measure of the greenback against a basket of currencies, fell by 0.44% after weak readings of US economic data suggested a threat to the fragile economic recovery.

A weak greenback renders dollar-commodities such as oil cheaper for buyers holding other currencies.

Feeble US jobs and factory output data, together with weak factory growth around the world, have led economists to slash their forecasts for Friday's non-farm payrolls report.

"It is persistently bearish macro numbers (including yesterday's dissipating May PMIs in China, the US and Eurozone) that should limit gains in oil, and market participants remain reluctant to enter large trades just yet," VTB Capital's Andrey Kryuchenkov said. On the supply front, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries may raise its output target by as much as 1.5 million barrels per day when ministers meet on June 8, a delegate said.

"There is a need for an increase to replace the loss from Libya," the delegate said. "Oil prices are too high; $100 oil is scaring people."

This view was challenged, however, by the Algerian energy minister, who said he did not expect Opec to raise output.

Some analysts said any move could be read as a symbolic signal that Opec, which pumps more than a third of the world's oil, is ready to act to take the heat off prices.

"The markets have not reacted much to the announcement, but we suspect that additional downward pressure could materialize if in fact this turns out to be the case," MF Global analysts said in a note.

"We still have a hard time seeing how commodity prices could move higher over the course of June given the fact that economic growth is now approaching 'stall speed', particularly here in the US," MF added.


An Opec target rise of 1 million bpd would result in only a small increase in actual oil supply from the group, the delegate said. That was because part of the rise would simply absorb above-target supply that some members of the group in Opec were already pumping, the delegate added.

The 11 members of the group bound by Opec production targets pumped 26.23 million bpd in May, nearly 1.4 million bpd above their 24.84 million bpd target.

An output increase would be at odds with a Reuters poll that predicted Opec would roll over its current output agreement, untouched since a record cut in December 2008.

Iran, normally hawkish on prices, thinks preserving Opec's production ceiling is the only way to control the oil market, the semi-official Mehr news agency quoted Iran's Opec governor Mohammad Ali Khatibi as saying.

Crude stocks, global economy

Crude was also buffeted by a jump in US crude oil stockpiles of 3.5 million barrels last week, according to an American Petroleum Industry report.

The US Energy Information Administration is set to release its estimates of petroleum stocks at 1500 GMT on Thursday.

Pipeline disruptions had helped oil rally $2 on Tuesday, but TransCanada Corp said it expected to restart its 591 000 barrel per day (bpd) Keystone pipeline after the second spill in less than a month forced it to shut on Sunday.

The dollar strengthened in early trade against a basket of currencies.

On Wednesday Moody's cut Greece's credit rating by three notches to an extremely speculative level due to debt restructuring worries and warned that more downgrades could come, dashing speculation that any European-brokered deal to loan the country more money would come easily.