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China finally introducing a globally comparable jobless rate

Mar 07 2018 19:42
Bloomberg News

Beijing - The world’s biggest labour market will soon get its first regularly updated monthly jobless rate similar to closely-watched gauges in other major economies like the US and Europe.

Monthly updates of China’s survey-based urban unemployment rate will be released from April, the country’s National Bureau of Statistics said on Wednesday in response to a Bloomberg News query.

Until now, the only regular official unemployment rate has been a quarterly gauge of urban joblessness that hasn’t deviated much from around 4% over the past 15 years, despite economic shifts.

Beijing’s data chiefs have been pledging to upgrade their labour market indicator for years, and have already been releasing the survey-based index irregularly. The surveyed jobless rate stood at 4.98% at the end of last year, NBS head Ning Jizhe told reporters in January, after data showed China’s growth accelerated for the first time since 2010.

The new indicator will be more like other benchmarks, providing a better read on employment in the $12trn economy that’s playing an increasingly dominant role in propping up global growth.

Chinese policy makers are also focusing more on the labour market as they shift emphasis to ensuring higher-quality expansion, away from numerical targets for the pace of growth.

Prior releases of the index have included different samples drawn from varying numbers of cities, making comparison over time difficult.

The survey-based unemployment gauge is already hitting the target officials unveiled this week at the annual gathering of the National People’s Congress. Premier Li Keqiang in his report to delegates on Monday set a goal of keeping the rate “within 5.5%”.

The old quarterly gauge is based on applications for social benefits, which exclude the quarter of a billion workers who make up the country’s migrant labour force.

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china  |  unemployment  |  economy


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