UK GDP grows feebly

2011-05-25 13:28

London - Britian's economy made a sluggish start to the year as an improved trade performance was more than offset by the sharpest fall in household spending since the recession, a second estimate of gross domestic product showed on Wednesday.

The figures highlight the challenge facing the government as it tries to rein in the budget deficit and will reinforce expectations that interest rates will stay at record lows for some months to come.

Figures from the Office for National Statistics confirmed an initial flash estimate, showing the economy grew just 0.5 percent in the first quarter after contracting by the same magnitude in the last three months of 2010.

This means the economy has effectively stagnated over the past six months - a much worse performance than its major trading partners.

Economists had not forecast any revision and reckon the government's 2011 growth assumption of 1.7 percent is starting to look optimistic.

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) revised down its growth forecast in a twice-yearly report on Wednesday, projecting growth of just 1.4% for the year. It also forecasts an expansion of just 1.8% in 2012 compared to an official forecast of 2.5%.

"The lack of any upward revision leaves the economic recovery earlier this year still looking disappointingly weak," said Vicky Redwood at Capital Economics.

Government boost to fade

A breakdown of the figures showed growth would have been even weaker had government spending not grown by a robust 1.0% over the quarter. Public spending cuts mean this category will be unable to contribute to growth going forward.

Neither is the consumer in any position to drive the economy. Household spending contracted by 0.6% on the quarter, the biggest drop since the recession, and looks set to remain weak as wages fail to keep pace with inflation.

In a sign of mounting price pressures, the implied GDP deflator rose by 1.8% on the quarter, its biggest quarterly rise since 1996.

"These figures underline the significant weakness in the consumer sector," said Hetal Mehta, economist at Daiwa Capital Markets. "It reinforces our view that the majority of the (central bank's) Monetary Policy Committee will continue to vote for no change in interest rates this year."

Business investment fell by a whopping 7.1% on the quarter.

The only bright spot was trade which made its biggest contribution to quarterly GDP growth in more than 50 years. This pushed the trade deficit down to £5.7bn in the first quarter from £11.5bn pounds at the end of 2010.