#StateCaptureReport: Eskom board should be dissolved | Fin24
  • Load Shedding Schedules

    Find information for Johannesburg, Durban, Cape Town and other cities.

  • Channelling Thatcher

    A battle with unions will be the biggest test for Ramaphosa and Mboweni, writes Pieter du Toit.

  • Liberty

    We are no longer turning around, we are growing, says the group's CEO as profit surge.


#StateCaptureReport: Eskom board should be dissolved

Nov 03 2016 06:57
Adiel Ismail

Cape Town - The board of Eskom should be dissolved after former public protector Thuli Madonsela's report into state capture was released, according to respected economist Iraj Abedian.

Eskom is one of five state-owned enterprises (SOEs) implicated in allegations of impropriety mentioned in Madonsela's report entitled State of Capture.

The report into allegations of improper influence by the wealthy Gupta family over President Jacob Zuma and his family was released on Wednesday following a court ruling.

READ: Madonsela nails Eskom over Gupta coal tender

Eskom's board has been singled out as appearing to be in "severe" violation of the Public Finance Management Act.

"It appears that the Board at Eskom was improperly appointed and no  in line with the spirit of the King III report on good Corporate Governance."

Madonsela stated that Ajay Gupta admitted during an interview that Eskom CEO Brain Molefe is his “very good friend” and often visits his home in Saxonwold.

"Even  though  certain  conflicts  may  have  arisen  after the  board  was appointed, there should have been a mechanism in place to deal with the conflicts as they arose and managed actual or perceived bias," Madonsela wrote.

"A board appointed to an SOE is expected to act in the best interests of the Republic of South Africa at all  times and it appears that the board may havefailed to do so," she said.

This referred to the board's fruitless and wasteful expenditure relating to the Gupta-owned Tegeta Resources & Energy for a coal tender. Madonsela noted that it appears the conduct of the Eskom board was solely to the benefit of Tegeta in awarding contracts to them.

"It  appears as though no action was taken on the part of the Minister of Public Enterprise as government stakeholder to prevent these apparent conflicts."

The 355-page report states that Public Enterprises Minister Lynne Brown was one of the people issued with notices by the public protector.

Zuma's interest in Eskom board appointments

While board appointments would be discussed and approved by Cabinet, former minister of public enterprises Barbara Hogan, who was axed in October 2010, told Madonsela that Zuma took special interest in the appointment of board members at Eskom.

Abedian told Fin24 the report highlights Eskom's failure at many levels.

"This is a fairly straightforward case of corporate governance failure, director failure and shareholder failure."

He said the the chairperson of Eskom's board should resign immediately and be subjected to the failure of fiduciary responsibilities. "So should each and every director on that board and be sued for failure as regards to fiduciary responsibilities."

More importantly, Abedian placed the blame on the shoulders of ministers Brown and her predecessor Malusi Gigaba, who is currently the minister of home affairs.  

"Brown failed to exercise her role as the shareholder representative, which is in violation of her oath of office as a minister. Her predecessor likewise."

What action should be taken?

He said two interventions need to take place immediately:

"The current board should be dissolved and each member subjected to the provisions of the Company Act. They carry personal liability in this regard.

"A new board should be appropriately constituted and should be put in place."

Meanwhile, Abedian said Parliament should also take actions in line with the provisions of the Executive Members Ethics Act with regard to minister Brown, and possibly before her minister Gigaba.

"It is now time for Parliament and its relevant committees to jump into action to fulfill their responsibilities," he urged.  

Eskom and the public enterprises ministry did not respond to Fin24 for comment.

A closer look at the board:

The Eskom board at the time of the purchase of Optimum Coal Holdings (OCH), as well as the awarding of certain contracts to Tegeta, consisted of 12 individuals:


The report stated that the board of Eskom appointed in December 2014 consisted predominantly of individuals with direct and indirect business or personal relations with Zuma's son Duduzane Zuma, the Gupta family and their related associates, including Salim Essa.

It identified the following members as at 1 April 2016 with conflicts of interest:

Baldwin Ngubane is a director of Gade Oil and Gas (Gade Oil). Essa was a previous director of this entity.

Mark Pamensky is/was a director of the following entities: ORE, Shiva Uranium, Yellow Star Trading and BIT Information Technology.

"Public records confirm that Mr Pamensky has direct business interests in ORE and Shiva Uranium for which he received economic benefit," the report said.

"By virtue of officio function and role in Eskom he would have or could have access to privilege or sensitive information regarding OCH and various Eskom Contracts."

This information, the report said, coupled with a personal economic interest would give Tegeta an unfair advantage over other interested buyers.

"It would be very important to understand the role of this individual in this transaction in light of a high degree of irregularities that appears to have occurred in Eskom."

Devapushpum Viroshini Naidoo is the spouse of Moodley, who is the director of Albatime. Albatime contributed to the purchase of OCH.

Nazia Carrim is the spouse of Muhammed Sikander Noor Hussain, is a family member of Essa. Carrim has since resigned from the board of Eskom.

Romeo Khumalo resigned from the board of Eskom in April 2016. Khumalo and Essa were directors of Ujiri Technologies.

Marriam Cassim’s employment background states Sahara Computers, a 90% owned subsidiary of Sahara Holdings, as a previous employer. Cassim has since resigned from the Board of Eskom.

The following was declared by the Eskom board members in relation to the above mentioned conflicts identified:

Naidoo, in her declaration made on February 19 2016, lists her husband as Moodley who is a part-time adviser to the minister of mineral resources and declares that this may be a conflict if she is in a forum at Eskom, which seeks to influence the government's mineral policy. Nadioo lists herself as an employee of Albatime. This is as per her declaration made on February 19 2016 and May 31 2016.

Ngubane does not list himself as a director of Gade Oil in his declaration made on May 31 2016.

Carrim did not declare her relationship with Essa in her declaration made on May 31 2016.

Cassim does not list Sahara Computers as her previous employers.

Pamensky does declare all his directorships held in ORE, Yellow Star Trading and BIT Information Technology. He further states that he does not take part in any HR or procurement-related activities.

Read Fin24's top stories trending on Twitter:



Company Snapshot


Cuts to the public sector wage bill took centre stage at this year's Budget

Voting Booth

Do you support a reduction in the public sector wage bill?

Previous results · Suggest a vote