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Brown: Eskom can pull plug on Zim, Zambia

Mar 04 2015 06:54
Donwald Pressly

Cape Town - Seven countries in southern Africa have power agreements with South Africa’s power monopoly Eskom but Zimbabwe and Zambia could have their power supply interrupted, Public Enterprises Minister Lynne Brown has told MPs.

In a written reply to TR Majola, a DA MP, who asked about Eskom’s agreements with the countries in the South African Power Pool relating to the importation and exportation of electricity which are firm or non-firm agreements, Brown said Eskom has power purchase agreements or power sales agreements with various entities in the seven countries in the pool.

The firm agreements are those that could not be interrupted and the non-firm were those where energy is supplied as and when it is available, and these are subject to interruption.

Thus, if South Africa suffered load shedding, then Zimbabwe and Zambia could have their power interrupted.

In terms of Mozambique, SA has four agreements with its power entities. There are firm agreements with Cohora Bassa, the Mozambique Transmission Company and with Aggreko. These are a power purchase agreement, a power sales agreement and a power purchase agreement respectively. However, in the case of the Electricidade de Mocambique, the power sales agreement is a non-firm agreement.

A power sales agreement applies to The Swaziland Electricity Company (SEC) and it is “firm”, said Brown

A power sales agreement and a power purchase agreement apply to the Lesotho Electricity Company and they are also firm, she reported.

There is a power sales agreement with the Botswana Power Corporation which is also firm while with Namibia there are firm power sales agreement with Nampower, Skorpion Zinc Mine and the Orange River Crossing.

Brown said the principles that apply to supply agreements during emergencies include that trading partners are required to utilise all their own generation capacity to the maximum and all non-firm energy supplies are reduced to zero before moving into load curtailment.

In addition, all firm energy supplies are reduced by 10% when there is a load curtailment imposed on South African customers. “Trading partners are required to enforce the 10% reduce on their customer base,” the minister reported.

If there is load shedding in South Africa "then all sales to Namibia and Botswana are withdrawn, and Swaziland and Lesotho are required to do proportional load shedding".

Energy which may inadvertently be drawn out of the Eskom system is charged at punitive emergency generation rates, she reported.

eskom  |  lynne brown  |  electricity  |  load shedding


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