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Employers urged to raise disability cover

Jan 22 2013 11:54 Fin24
wheelchair, disabled, handicapped

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Company Data

OLD MUTUAL PLC [JSE:OML]

Last traded 35.88
Change -0.22
% Change -0.01
Cumulative volume 2448340
Market cap 175.75bn

Last Updated: 23/07/2014 at 04:25. Prices are delayed by 15 minutes. Source: McGregor BFA

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OLD Mutual Corporate says for a number of large employers and retirement funds that Old Mutual [JSE:OML] insures there has been a marked reduction in the number of deaths in recent years. However while Aids deaths are decreasing, disability claims due to Aids have been increasing steadily. Employers could therefore take advantage of lower group life premiums by focussing on improving disability benefits for employees.

Neil Parkin, Group Assurance Actuary at Old Mutual Corporate, says the experience of Old Mutual's group risk schemes has shown that Aids is changing from a certain death sentence to a chronic and manageable disease.

"There is much speculation about the future of Aids, but one thing is clear – although its effects may be changing, the disease has had and will continue to have a profound impact and employers are well-advised to plan for this,” he says.

According to Parkin, while there are various options in terms of utilising the savings in group life premiums as a results of declining Aids deaths, disability insurance is arguably the most pressing need. He refers to the Asisa insurance gap study which showed that South African families are underinsured by R6 trillion of disability cover.

"The focus on death cover, and the rising costs of that cover, has diverted focus and money from disability insurance. The result is that many disability arrangements are based on insurance that was available in the market a decade ago. A reduction in group life premiums is an excellent opportunity to re-evaluate a group’s disability needs,” he says.

Parkin says disability insurance has evolved considerably over the past decade, and there are a number of new generation products available, such as Old Mutual’s full salary replacement for the entire duration of a claim.

Parkin explains that a key factor for disability income cover is the replacement ratio - the level of income an employee gets if they become a claimant. "Traditionally this is set at 75% of pre-disability earnings. By increasing this to 100% the employee will have their full salary replaced and will be able to cope with the reduced ability to earn an income and any additional expenses as a result of the disability," he says.

Parkin warns that the annual increase of the benefit a claimant receives is another often overlooked option, which can rapidly erode the person's purchasing power. He advises employers to help retain the real value, one can consider including inflation-linked (CPI) increases, but says people should beware of products with limits on the increase (e.g. 5%).

“Some products even offer increases at above CPI to mirror salary inflation,” he says.

Disability policies typically require a period of time to elapse before benefit payments start. This is commonly known as a 'waiting period'. Employers can customise products to pay earlier (as short as 1 month) or later (e.g. 6 months), according to their budget and ability to cope with paying extra sick leave before the benefit starts.

“By using some of these levers, employers can significantly add value and protection through disability insurance,” says Parkin.  

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hiv aids  |  disability  |  insurance
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