Tokyo - The euro was under pressure in Asia on Wednesday as markets fretted over whether debt-ridden Spain would seek a full bailout, while a credit downgrade of five of the country's regions also weighed on the unit.
The single currency bought $1.2984 and ¥103.61 in Tokyo afternoon trade, nearly flat from $1.2978 and ¥103.64 in New York late Tuesday and well off the levels above $1.30 and ¥104 seen earlier this week.
The dollar was flat at ¥79.82 against ¥79.84, after briefly topping ¥80 in Asian trade on Tuesday - the first time since early July.
Dealers are increasingly concerned Madrid has yet to ask for a rescue, despite the poor state of its economy, while Moody's cut the ratings of five regions, citing their weak financial positions and looming debt redemptions.
A large-scale Spanish bailout would enable the European Central Bank to launch a €500bn bond-buying programme aimed at helping debt-stricken eurozone members contain their soaring borrowing costs. Madrid has already accepted a €100bn rescue for its banks.
"The market is jittery as it doesn't know when Spain will ask for a bailout," said Daisaku Ueno, senior foreign exchange and fixed income strategist at Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley.
Spain, the eurozone's fourth-largest economy, is entering a second year of recession, according to the nation's central bank, as its leaders struggle to curb a bloated public deficit.
Traders were also eyeing a two-day US central bank meeting that wraps up later on Wednesday and the Bank of Japan's policy meeting next week.
There has been rising speculation that the central bank will usher in more easing measures aimed at kickstarting the world's third-largest economy, which has in turn put pressure on the yen.
Ueno said the Bank of Japan may boost an ¥80 trillion asset-buying programme, its main policy tool now that interest rates are at record lows.
"I'm expecting the BoJ to expand its asset-purchase programme by between ¥5 trillion and ¥10 trillion," he told Dow Jones Newswires.
The dollar was higher against other Asia-Pacific currencies.
It firmed to 41.38 Philippine pesos from 41.31 pesos on Tuesday, to 53.73 Indian rupees from 53.50 rupees, and to 30.76 Thai baht from 30.72 baht.
The greenback also edged up to 9,623 Indonesian rupiah from 9,612 rupiah and to 1,102.90 South Korean won from 1,102.60 won, to Sg$1.2231 from Sg$1.2217 and to Tw$29.28 from Tw$29.26.
The Australian dollar bought $1.0314 compared with $1.0316, while China's yuan changed hands at 12.74 yen against 12.78.