London - Gold was set for its biggest one-day
fall in three months on Monday, under pressure from a robust dollar, which in
turn choked off demand from consumers in key regions such as India.
Last week’s summit of European Union leaders yielded a historic
agreement on beefing up fiscal discipline in the 27-member bloc, but fell short
of market expectations for a more drastic solution to the crisis.
This lack of confidence in Europe pushed investors into the
relative safety of the US dollar rather than gold, which has fallen by about
5% in the last week alone.
A stronger dollar often encourages non-US holders of gold to sell
the metal to lock in a higher profit in their own currencies and in India, the
world’s largest consumer of bullion, this has kept jewellers and other consumers
Spot gold was last quoted down nearly 3% at $1 659.66 an
ounce by 15:08 GMT, having dropped by as much as 2.8% earlier to a low at
$1 662.39, its lowest in three weeks, after breaking through $1 680.00 - a major
Afshin Nabavi, head of trading at MKS Finance, said the runup to
the end of the year was encouraging some selling of gold to raise dollars.
“The dollar is strengthening and the euro is losing value and...
because of what is happening in India with the (weaker) rupee, the demand for
physical gold is not as it should be,” he said.
“Now we have broken the $1 675 region, so now the next really
important support... is $1 650, that is where it held last time. Until the
year-end we are probably going to be very choppy and probably trading on the
lower side, rather than the higher,” Nabavi said.
The Indian rupee hit a record low against the dollar on Monday
following data that showed a further slowdown in Asia’s third-largest economy
and the world’s biggest gold buyer.
There is continued evidence of investor demand for gold elsewhere,
as highlighted by the rise in speculative holdings of gold futures, which last
week rose by half a million ounces and by the swell in holdings of gold in
exchange-traded fund products to record highs last week.
ETFs near record
In the last month, holdings at the largest gold-backed
exchange-traded products have risen by nearly 1.2 million ounces, largely in
response to concern over the slow progress in solving the eurozone debt crisis.
EU leaders agreed to lend up to €200bn to the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) to help it aid eurozone strugglers, and to bring
forward the permanent rescue fund European Stability Mechanism (ESM) by a year
Those steps, together with a leveraged EFSF - the existing bailout
fund - are intended to boost help for troubled eurozone countries, such as
Italy and Spain, the bloc’s third- and fourth-largest economies, as they muddle
through their refinancing crunches.
Rising peripheral bond yields and a falling euro showed investors
were unconvinced this would be enough to put an end to the two-year-old crisis.
“Three or four months ago, people were pretty sure gold would end
the year close to $2 000 or at least have a pop there and now that is looking
unlikely with funding stresses and money market stresses and the dash for cash,”
Credit Agricole analyst Robin Bhar said.
“That is obviously dealing a blow to gold... the next couple of
days are going to be crucial technically for gold. Last week we were up at
$1 760 and we have now lost $80 fairly quickly, that shows that rallies are
difficult to sustain in this sort of environment.”
Prices of platinum group metals also weakened. Spot palladium fell
3.6% to $658.72/oz, while platinum fell 1.9% to $1 483.4/oz.
Northam Platinum, one of South Africa’s smaller platinum producers,
said on Monday it was enduring frequent safety stoppages at its only producing
mine where surprise government inspections are taking place.
Demand for industrial metals will largely hinge on the growth in
China, the world’s second-largest economy and top consumer for many raw
materials. Slower growth in China’s exports and imports in November showed fresh
evidence of faltering demand abroad and at home.
Silver, used in electronics, chemical and electrical applications,
fell 3.4% to $31.12/oz. So far this month, the price has fallen by
more than 4%, set for a second consecutive monthly decline.