Angry countries claim cash after outbreak
Brussels - Big fruit and vegetable producers Spain, Italy and France angrily demanded compensation on Tuesday for farmers who have been blindsided by huge losses in the E. coli outbreak, forcing the EU farm chief to increase his offer of aid.
Farm Commissioner Dacian Ciolos at first offered €150m to the struggling farmers, who have tons of unwanted cucumbers and tomatoes rotting in fields and warehouses as Europeans shun vegetables, fearing they are contaminated with a deadly strain of the E. coli bacteria.
But EU agricultural ministers scoffed at his proposal, saying their farmers are seeing losses up to €417m a week so far. Farmers are livid that prices for their crops have collapsed after being erroneously blamed by German health officials for an outbreak that has killed 24 people and infected over 2 400. The cause of the contamination crisis is still unclear,
Ciolos then promised to come up with a higher offer within days to compensate farmers through June, but did not name a specific figure.
"The market has dropped two-thirds and fruit and vegetables cannot be sold in Europe now. This is a situation that has to be resolved now," said Sandor Fazekas, the Hungarian farm minister who chaired the emergency meeting in Luxembourg.
"We have to reassure farmers that we are not leaving them alone," Fazekas added. "These people ended up in this situation through no fault of their own."
Spain and France, Europe's traditional vegetable producers, emphatically insisted on more compensation.
"No, Spain does not see it as sufficient," Spanish Agriculture Minister Rosa Aguilar said of Ciolos' first offer, a stance backed by French Farm Minister Bruno Le Maire.
Aguilar said the 27-nation EU should give affected farmers between 90% and 100% of the market price for their produce, a suggestion that Ciolos dismissed as unreasonable.
"I am prepared to revise this upward, but I don't think the budget available at the moment will mean we can go up to 100% for all products and all producers," he said. His first proposal was closer to 30% compensation.
The weekly losses have been staggering. Spanish farmers say they are losing €200m a week while Italians cite losses of €100m. Farmers in the Netherlands are losing €50m while those in Germany and France were each out €30m.
EU farmers are one of the bloc's most potent political forces, both in their home nations and in Brussels, and about 35% of the entire EU budget already flows to them in subsidies and compensation payments. Since this was a farm meeting, there was no discussion of compensation for victims.
The European farmers union COPA-COGECA painted a bleak picture by comparing vegetable prices this year to an average of the past five years. In a letter to EU leaders, the group said cucumber prices have fallen to 5 (euro) cents each from 21 cents, tomato prices have sunk from 60 (euro) cents to 13 cents/kg, and lettuce prices have plummeted from 70 (euro) cents to 5 cents.
The federation said vegetable farmers were seeing "unprecedented economic losses" and the crisis was being magnified because it hit just as many vegetables and fruits were ripe and ready for market.
EU health chief John Dalli, meanwhile, warned Germany against any more premature - and inaccurate - conclusions about the source of the contaminated food, telling the EU parliament in Strasbourg that information from health officials must be scientifically sound and foolproof before it becomes public.
"It is crucial that national authorities do not rush to give information on the source of infection that is not proven by bacteriological analysis, as this spreads unjustified fears (among) the population all over Europe and creates problems for our food producers," Dalli said.
German investigators have not yet found a source for the contamination. Germany first pointed a finger at Spanish cucumbers, then at local sprouts, before backtracking on both. Tests on sprouts at an organic farm in northern Germany are continuing, but have not produced any proof they were contaminated with the highly aggressive strain of E. coli that has sent hundreds of people into intensive care.
German Agriculture Minister Ilse Aigner flew immediately with Dalli to Germany to assess the crisis. "We will do everything possible to clear this up" and find the origin of the crisis, she said.
Saudi Arabia on Tuesday followed Russia's lead and banned European vegetable imports. Russia's market for EU vegetables, however, is much bigger and the EU has been angry at Moscow for such a sweeping ban even though the crisis is firmly centered in northern Germany.
In Brussels, Russian Ambassador Vladimir Chizhov defended the ban.
"The problem is not with the Russian ban," Chizhov said. "The problem is with the - well, I wouldn't like to say the EU coli - but the disease that has struck a dozen countries of the European Union."
He said the ban was imposed at first because Russian authorities received no information at all on the E. coli outbreak. Even now, he said, the data being given to Russia is mostly statistics rather than information about its source.
Chizhov said he sympathised with European farmers who were losing money but "no material loss is comparable to the loss of human life".
An expert at the World Health Organisation, meanwhile, said time was running out for German investigators to find the source of the outbreak.
"If we don't know the likely culprit in a week's time, we may never know the cause," Dr. Guenael Rodier, director of communicable diseases expert at WHO, told The Associated Press on Tuesday.
Germany's national disease control center, the Robert Koch Institute, raised the death toll Tuesday to 24 and the number of infections in Germany to 2 325, with 642 victims hospitalised in intensive care with a rare, serious complication.
Ten other European countries and the US have another 100 E. coli cases.