Cape Town - Incomes of black South African households have surged 169% in a decade, but whites still take home six times more money 18 years into all-race democracy, a national census showed Tuesday.
Census 2011 put the country's population at 51.8 million people, an increase of 6 950 782 million since the 2001 count. Nearly eight in 10 people are black and less than one in 10 white.
"(In) 2011, we have 51.8 million people in South Africa," said Pali Lehohla, Statistician-General of Statistics South Africa.
Overall, household incomes more than doubled in the last ten years.
The average now stands at R103 204, up from R48 385 in 2001.
The statistics point to a growing black middle class with the majority race group's yearly household incomes showing the fastest growth of 169.1% to R60 613 from R22 522 recorded in Census 2001.
But the country's biggest wealth and employment figures are still sharply skewed in favour of whites.
"Black African-headed households were found to have an average annual income of R60 613 in 2011," states the report, with incomes followed by mixed race and Indian and Asian households.
"White-headed households had the highest average household income at R365 134 per annum."
Nearly two million people still live in shacks, which has risen by more than 100 000 since 2001, and more than nine million people live in a house.
The number of outright homeowners has grown from 4 625 300 to 5 970 852 homeowners of whom 4 919 563 are black owners which is an increase by more than one million since ten years ago.
Expanded unemployment among blacks was nearly 50%, while only around 10% among whites.