Tokyo - Europe's debt crisis and the related cooling in
China is weighing on Africa, but even a sharp worsening of the crisis would be
unlikely to choke off the region's growth, a top International Monetary Fund
official said on Friday.
Most countries in Africa have largely escaped major harm,
with the exception of South Africa, which has financial and trade ties with
ailing eurozone markets.
“We think the crisis in Europe has had an adverse impact on
sub-Saharan Africa, but not, to date, on a scale that would derail growth in
the region,” IMF Director for Africa Antoinette Sayeh told Reuters.
“Of course, a severe intensification of the eurozone crisis
could have a sizeable adverse impact on the global economy, including on
commodity prices, with pass-through of these developments to African
“That said, we think it is likely that such a shock would
slow, but not derail, growth in sub-Saharan Africa,” she said.
An IMF report on Friday projected Africa would grow 5% this
year and next. The region is home to some of the world's fastest-growing
economies, many of them, such as Mozambique, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Ghana,
buoyed by new oil and gas finds.
The IMF expects Mozambique to grow 8.4% next year, the
Democratic Republic of Congo 8.2%, Ghana 7.8% and the Ivory Coast 7%.
“Commodity prices make a big difference to the region,”
Sayeh said. “Notwithstanding what's going on in Europe, commodity prices have
been kept at a reasonably robust level because of strong demand from emerging
economies, notably from China. Our best guess is that sub-Saharan Africa will
maintain the 5% growth recorded in 2010-11 through 2012-13.”
However, if China's economy slows more that could prompt a
fall in commodity prices and trade with Africa, hurting growth.
The IMF warned this week of risks to emerging Asia if the
eurozone crisis escalates and the United States does not avoid its “fiscal
cliff.” Beijing has repeatedly assured investors that China's economy is on
track to meet the official growth target of 7.5% for 2012.
“By and large, the IMF view is that China's slowdown
represents a soft rather than a hard landing and, as a result, is unlikely to
have a significant impact on commodity prices,” Sayeh said. “Of course high
growth rates in China are welcome, but we don't see that Chinese growth rates
are decelerating so sharply that will have a significant impact on growth in
South Africa, the region's largest economy but one of its
worst performers, is hurting the most from the eurozone crisis. Earlier this
week, the IMF cut its growth forecast for South Africa to about 2.6% for 2012
and 3% next year.
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