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Painful austerity bites into Greek budget

Apr 23 2012 13:10 Reuters

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Athens - Battered Greece saw its budget deficit fall to 9.1% of gross output last year as severe austerity required to secure international aid bit into spending.

Athens managed a 1.2% point fiscal improvement compared with 2010, but its primary budget balance - which excludes debt servicing costs - has yet to move into surplus as a deep economic slump continues.

Greece’s economy is in its fifth year of recession and could contract by more than 4.8% this year. Unemployment is also a record high, hitting tax receipts and requiring more spending on jobless benefits.

“According to provisional data, the deficit of the general government, as measured under the excessive deficit procedure (EDP), is estimated at €19.6bn or 9.1% of GDP (gross domestic product),“ statistics agency ELSTAT said on Monday.

Fiscal austerity measures - including income and property tax increases, a rise in value-added tax rates and cuts in wages and pensions - have helped Athens shrink the budget gap from 15.6% of GDP in 2009.

Greece, which is set for a national election on May 6, aims for a budget gap of 6.7% this year and a primary deficit of 0.2% of GDP.

After two years of austerity to tackle its debt crisis, the country is suffering major economic upheaval. Unemployment is at a record 21.8%, with joblessness among youth at a rate where more are out of work than in. It is not about to get any easier.

Whoever wins the election will have to agree additional spending cuts of 5.5% of GDP or about €11bn for 2013-2014, and gather about another €3bn from better tax collection to keep getting aid, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has said.

The European Union and IMF have placed strict conditions on Greece receiving bailout money to help it settle its massive debt requirments.

ELSTAT said gross public debt rose to 165.3% of GDP last year from 145% in 2010.
greece  |  austerity measures
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