Cape Town - South Africa's ostrich industry hangs in the balance
as farmers desperately await a lift on a meat export ban, with time and
money running out.
About 741 farms used to be registered with the SA
Ostrich Business Chamber (SAOBC), but this number decreased when the
H5N2 bird flu virus broke out in the Klein Karoo in the Western Cape
"This (number) has reduced significantly in the last
few months, with the European Union export ban being a main driver,
as it's no longer profitable," SAOBC interim chief Piet Kleyn said.
The EU used to import 90% of South Africa's ostrich meat.
The ban's effects have been keenly felt by ostrich
farms, mostly found in the Klein Karoo valley, Southern Cape and Eastern
Cape, which used to slaughter 250 000 birds a year for meat, leather
More than 40 000 infected ostriches were culled
following the outbreak, according to Western Cape agricultural spokesman
He said the industry was losing about R108m a month in export revenue and 20 000 job opportunities were at stake.
The national government provided R50m
compensation to farmers who lost birds, but many had to close their
farms or survive with a limited flock.
The last time a highly pathogenic virus form was
detected was back in October. A low pathogenic form, which caused mild
disease in poultry, was detected in February but has already been
slaughtered out, said Kriel.
However, the agriculture department would apply to lift
the ban only once the industry has been restructured - in line with
the recommendations of a EU delegation which visited the country in
It required that all farmers re-register their
businesses and comply with specific regulations before any of them would
be allowed to export meat.
They were told this was necessary to protect the country's image as a reliable and responsible exporter, said Kriel.
He said the industry accepted the recommendations and agreed it was sound advice, but time is running out.
"As the Western province, we are lobbying national
government to re-think this approach and let's rather allow a few guys
to export now.
"Let's find ways to get them to export at this stage,
otherwise the industry will collapse," he said. "This (process) might take as a long as a year.
a situation where all the (ostrich) farmers in the export business
haven't had income for a year. They are struggling to survive and have
to invest more capital in order to export."
The delegation recommended that bird and farm density
be reduced, the movement of ostriches between farms and areas be cut
down and ostrich health regulations be tightened up.
Kleyn said he believed a solution could be found if farmers, businesses and national and provincial government worked together.
Farmers are increasingly looking to the domestic
market to sell ostrich meat, but there are few prospects as it is a
niche market favoured mostly by the health-conscious.
"It's ironic and frustrating. The meat that we are not
allowed to export is perfectly safe and can be sold into the domestic
"It is very small though and wherever we could, we've been trying
to campaign and lobby," Klein said.
Ostrich is a pricey meat as it cannot be sold on the
bone, unlike beef and mutton. A 95 kilogram bird yields only about 15kg
to 17kg of prime cuts.
Klein said a glimmer of hope for farmers is "a nice increase" in the price of leather and feathers.
The national department was unable to comment on Thursday as it was briefing parliament on its budget vote.
It is likely to give detailed comment soon.