Johannesburg - Moody's downgraded South
Africa's credit rating by one notch on Thursday, citing concerns about the
government's ability to
tackle economic problems as well as political jostling with the ruling ANC.
The drop to a Baa1 rating
will likely spell higher borrowing costs for Africa's largest economy, reports AFP.
The main driver of the downgrade “is Moody’s lowered assessment of institutional strength to 'moderate' from 'high', an important factor in the rating agency’s judgment of a sovereign’s economic resiliency,” the rating agency said in a statement.
The outlook remains negative.
The downgrade occurred because Moody's does not believe the state has as much capacity to solve the countries socio-economic challenges as they first thought, said Peter Attard Montalto Director, Emerging Markets Economist at Nomura International.
"They also highlight the limited room for fiscal movement and deteriorating debt metrics and low rates together with a negative FDI climate."
Montalto saidin an e-mail to Fin24 the downgrade came much earlier than they'd expected. "We thought they would wait till after Mangaung in December but they keep the rating on negative given the possible policy outcomes of that elective conference."
He added that the government has totally underestimated the potential for a downgrade, instead focusing on banking stability and the fiscal outlook.
"Whilst Moody’s does mention fiscal here, the key change is around the state’s capacity to solve societies problems. We have said for some time it would be this and SA’s socio-economic challenges that would lead to a downgrade, not things like debt sustainability.
"As the strikes in South Africa spread both within the mining industry and to elsewhere in the economy, we think the prospect for further downgrades from other agencies remains very high, and for that likelihood to rise yet further after Mangaung where the policy direction has the potential to entrench further policies which harm competitiveness like further state involvement in the economy, mining taxes etc.
"Our original view that a downgrade on a Zuma victory is more likely than on a Motlanthe victory in this context still stands for the other agencies and with respect to Moody’s cutting again," said Montalto.
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