Durban - Economic liberation or the lack thereof is the most divisive issue in the country, according to a survey released on Wednesday.
According to the SA Reconciliation Barometer 2011, income inequality keeps South Africans more divided than race.
About 32% of those surveyed believed it was the
most divisive issue, compared to 20% who believed race divided
Researchers polled 3 500 people for survey, which was conducted by the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation.
About 22% believed political party affiliations were more divisive than race.
In another set of questions, 38% of the people
questioned admitted that they would never reveal their true thoughts
about race to people of different race groups. About 33% said
they would never do so in a public place, like school or at work.
The study found that faith in local government was at its lowest since the annual survey was started in 2003.
Only 43% of those surveyed said they had any confidence in the country's municipalities. In 2006 this was 50%.
Confidence in the presidency, Parliament, and the national and provincial governments all remained above 50%.
The survey concluded that South Africa was a divided country, but that there was scope for hope.
About 66% of those questioned believed that
creating a united country was desirable and 60% believed it was
About 70% agreed that they wanted to forget about the past and move on with their lives.
Across the four major race groups, this sentiment
appeared to be consistent, with 75% of whites and 68% of
blacks, 74% of coloureds and 85% of Indians wanting to
forget about the past.
The researchers said racism and prejudice had declined.
"[There is] infinitely more interaction, as equals, between black and white South Africans."
Some 57% of South Africans interacted with people of other races -- up from a low of 41% in 2004.
A further 47% believed that the Truth and Reconciliation Commission hearings had helped to bring about reconciliation.
The survey found that interaction and socialising
between the races was greatest in the higher income groups and lowest in
the lower income groups.
Thirty-nine percent of respondents said they socialised
with people from other race groups outside the work environment, such
as their own homes or the homes of friends.
In contrast, 17% rarely socialised across race lines, and 42% never did.
There was a two percent margin of error in the survey, said Kate Lefko-Everett, who compiled the 2011 report.