Athens - Greece said on Monday it would buy back bonds
through a Dutch auction as part of efforts to cut its ballooning debt, allowing
it to assess the level of demand before setting a final price for the deal.
The bond buyback is central to the efforts of its foreign
lenders to put Greece's debt back on sustainable footing, and its success will
pave the way for the country to get long-delayed funding to avoid bankruptcy.
Since plans for the buyback were announced last week,
questions have swirled about whether it will tempt enough bondholders to cut
Greek debt by a net €20bn - the target set by eurozone finance ministers and
the International Monetary Fund.
The buyback will be conducted through a modified Dutch
auction that allows it to introduce an element of competition among investors
to get the best price.
Greece set a price range to buy back each of its 20 series
of outstanding bonds with a spread of two percentage points - from a minimum of
30.2 to 38.1% and a maximum of 32.2 to 40.1% depending on the bond maturities.
In such an auction, if a bondholder tries to get a price
close to the upper limit there is a risk he or she may be left out if the
buyback amount is filled at lower prices. There will be one settlement price
for each series of bonds.
Greek bonds eligible under the buy-back ranged from 25.15 to
34.41 cents in the euro at the close of trading on November 23, Reuters data
Athens said it would not spend more than €10bn on the
buyback. Investors must declare their interest by December 7 and the expected
settlement date is December 17.
Eurozone officials said the bloc hoped Greece would be able
to repurchase at least €40bn of its own bonds.
Athens unveiled the structure of the buyback before a
meeting of eurozone finance ministers, at which Greek Finance Minister Yannis
Stournaras will brief his counterparts.
Greece's lenders agreed last week that the bonds, which have
a nominal value of €63bn, would not be purchased for more than the closing
price on that date. The offer goes in theory also to holders of about €4bn of
old Greek bonds, who refused to take part in a debt cut scheme in March.
A Reuters calculator on the buy-back shows that if the
buy-back price was set at the November 23 closing prices, even a 50%
participation rate would be enough for a successful deal - in this instance,
Athens would have to spend just €8.7bn to buy back debt worth €31.5bn.
For Athens to spend €10bn, it would have to buy back around
60% of the outstanding bonds. This could save Greece €39bn gross on the face
value of the bonds and the interest payments due on them.