Washington - Leaders of major industrial economies meet this
weekend to try to head off a full-blown crisis in Europe where fears are
growing that Greece could leave the eurozone bloc, threatening the future of
the common currency.
President Barack Obama, the Group of Eight host, has urged European
leaders repeatedly to do more to stimulate growth, fearing contagion from the
euro crisis that could hurt the US economy and his chances of re-election in
British Prime Minister David Cameron, who has been
increasingly vocal in urging Europe to do more to resolve the debt woes, will
tell leaders they must work together to stop the region’s economic crisis from
spreading worldwide, an aide said.
No economic policy decisions are expected from the talks but
officials said Obama hopes to promote a discussion on a comprehensive approach
to resolving the crisis.
He will seek to cement a bond with France’s new leader at
the White House later on Friday before heading to Camp David for the talks.
Francois Hollande, sworn in this week as French president,
has already made waves by challenging Europe’s austerity focus and saying he
will pull French combat troops from Afghanistan by the end of this year.
Obama, 50, may use their introductory meeting in the Oval
Office to encourage the 57-year-old Socialist to rethink his Afghanistan plans
that put France on an earlier exit timetable than other Nato allies.
But the two leaders, who have both expressed support for
pro-growth policies in Europe, are expected to form a common front on the
eurozone crisis that could dominate this weekend’s G8 talks.
Obama’s administration spent heavily to tackle the 2007-2009
US recession, and Hollande is seeking to take the edge off austerity with more
job-creating infrastructure investments.
The G8 summit comes as Greeks are pulling cash from banks
amid growing fears that it might crash out of the single currency eurozone, and
financial markets have turned fearful about the prospects of a full-blown
crisis in Europe.
Asian shares tumbled on Friday and were set for their worst
weekly showing since September. Japan’s Nikkei average dropped 3% to log a
seventh straight week of losses and its longest losing streak since 2001 and
the euro hit a four-month low.
Heather Conley, a senior fellow at the Center for Strategic
and International Studies, said Hollande and Obama “see things very similarly
about the need for a better balance between fiscal consolidation, austerity and
That could put pressure on German Chancellor Angela Merkel,
who has stressed the need for fiscal discipline to get the eurozone finances
back on track even as voters have toppled belt-tightening governments.
One of Obama's closest aides, National Security Adviser Tom
Donilon, said the United States welcomed the evolving debate in Europe about
the “imperative for jobs and growth,” but he said the president’s intention was
not to drive a wedge between Europe's two biggest economies, Germany and
“I don’t think that the nature of these conversations are
going to be anything like taking one side or the other,” he told reporters on
“The president looks forward to leading a discussion among
the leaders about the imperative of having a comprehensive approach to manage
the crisis and get on a sustainable path towards recovery in Europe.”
Obama, a Democrat, has pitched a similarly “balanced”
approach combining short-term stimulus and longer-term cuts to heal the US
economy and stoke hiring that has not recovered from the financial crisis.
His presumed White House opponent, Republican Mitt Romney,
has made reducing the US debt load, which has escalated during Obama’s tenure,
one of his key campaign messages.
“A balanced approach that includes not just austerity but
growth and job creation is the right approach,” White House spokesperson Jay
Carney said on Thursday, explaining Obama’s message to the G8.
Cameron, worried about the impact of the eurozone crisis on
a weak British economy, will call for a “strong and united commitment to
securing the economic recovery and to support job creation”, the aide said.
Economic policy outcomes are not expected from the
closed-door talks at Camp David, a rustic presidential escape about two hours
from Washington that Obama has visited far less frequently than his predecessor
George W Bush.
The White House moved the summit to the Maryland retreat
from Chicago in part to give the meeting a more informal flavour, as well as to
escape the possibility of protests when Russian President Vladimir Putin was
slated to attend.
His prime minister, Dmitri Medvedev, will be there instead,
along with G8 first-timers Hollande, Mario Monti of Italy and Yoshihiko Noda of
Japan, as well as Cameron and Canada’s Stephen Harper, plus Merkel and Obama.
European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso and
European Council president Herman Van Rompuy are also set to attend.
The White House said each leader would get their own cabin,
albeit of different sizes. It will be the largest international summit ever
held at Camp David, which was built in the 1930s and is best known as the site
of past Middle East peace talks.
Conley of CSIS acknowledged Obama’s power to exert influence
over Europe over weekend was “somewhat limited”.
“Nevertheless, I think the president can play a role of
listening, helping leaders find common ground,” she said.
“We are sitting on the bleachers a bit. And we are going to
have to watch how this plays out with the frustration in recognising that it
will have a profound impact for the global economy and for the US economy.”
And Bruce Jones of the Brookings Institution said because
Obama’s re-election prospects hinge so directly on the health of the American
economy, he has a huge interest in getting Europe on a healthy growth track.
“Even if he wasn't in an election season, any president of the United States
has a lot riding on the Europeans getting this right,” he said.