Johannesburg - Foreign direct investment flows to South
Africa tumbled 43.6% in the first half of 2012 compared to the same period last
year, while FDI to the continent as a whole rose by 5%, a United Nations report
said on Tuesday.
The decline in FDI to Africa's biggest economy came amid an
8% drop in global FDI inflows due to heightened global economic uncertainty,
according to the UN's Global Investment Trends Monitor.
As South Africa battles the worst labour unrest since the
end of apartheid, the numbers suggest it will face increased competition for
investment from its faster-growing neighbours.
The report said FDI inflows to South Africa fell to $1.7bn
in the first six months of 2012 from $3bn in the first half of 2011, reflecting
sluggish domestic economic growth as well as a slowdown in developed economies.
"It reflects the situation in the main investors in
South Africa (which) are developed countries," said Astrit Sulstarova, an
economist at the UN's Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), which
produced the report.
Slow economic growth in South Africa could also be
influencing investment decisions, Sulstarova added.
The IMF forecasts South African GDP growth of 2.6% this
year, and recently cut its 2013 growth forecast to 3% from a July projection of
3.3%, due to its close links to struggling Europe.
The IMF has also trimmed its 2012 forecast for Africa to 5%
from 5.4%, but raised its projection for 2013 to 5.7% from 5.3%.
FDI flows to Africa grew 5.1% to $23.1bn in the first half
of 2012 after three consecutive years of decline, the UNCTAD report said,
citing a return of investor confidence to North Africa, especially Egypt.
Globally, FDI inflows reached $668bn in the first half of
2012, down 8% from the same period in 2011, due to a decline in inflows to the
United States and the BRIC countries - Brazil, Russia, India and China.
However, China was still the world's largest recipient of
FDI, with inflows of $59.1bn in the first half.
For the first time, developing countries accounted for half
of global FDI inflows, UNCTAD said, with Latin America and the Caribbean
attracting greater investment along with Africa.
Flows to Europe as a whole increased by 5.7%, but the
European Union experienced a decline of 3.8%.