Cape Town - Eskom customers seem to disagree with all presentations at the Nersa public hearings supporting Eskom’s application.
Despite the cancellation by the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (Nersa) of the public hearings in the Free State, Mpumalanga and Limpopo, the hearings took place in the major cities around the country, and ended on Friday in Midrand, Gauteng.
While there were suggestions by Nersa of some lack of interest by the public, the hearings ended with a record number of over 8 000 written submissions that will be presented to Nersa by the Organisation Uniting Against Tax Abuse (Outa).
This compares with only about 300 written submissions in 2015.
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In addition, about 40 000 people opposed Eskom's application by completing and submitting an online petition arranged by online activist network Avaaz.
At the hearings, Nersa cornered Eskom about the “unnecessary” use of Open Cycle Gas Turbines (OCGTs) during the first year 2013 to 2014 of the third multi-year price determination (MYPD3) period, that amounts to some R8bn of the total R22.8bn that the power utility is trying to recoup through the Regulatory Clearing Account (RCA) mechanism.
Eskom was also questioned about its declining sales volume (kWh units sold) which has been significantly lower than that budgeted in its MYDP3 application for the 2013 to 2014 financial year. This decline in sales volume from budget accounts further for about R11bn of Eskom’s R22.8bn claim.
Eskom Transmission group executive Thava Govender explained that the use of diesel power was only done as a last resort “to keep the lights on” when all other avenues were utilised or unavailable.
He pointed out that transmission lines from neighbouring countries were severely damaged for several months of the year in question, therefore limiting and even stopping Eskom’s imports.
Nersa chairperson Jacob Modise pointed out that it would be more financially viable to repair the transmission lines to import power than to use the OCGTs. Govender responded: “The Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) agreements are such that we cannot go and get involved in the electricity challenges of neighbouring countries.
"We can only offer as much assistance and expertise as we are allowed. Some of the damage was quite extensive and resulted in us not being able to import for several months, which necessitated using the OCGTs during scheduled maintenance on our own ageing coal fleet, and on weekends.”
The perception among many who opposed the tariff increase is that the higher than budgeted diesel usage is a direct result of Eskom’s own failings. For example, had the Medupi, Kusile and Ingula projects been on schedule, Eskom would not have had to resort to the extensive operation of its diesel-driven OCGTs to meet demand.
Furthermore, had these generation projects been on schedule, Eskom would have had more than sufficient capacity to cope with the plant or line failures in neighbouring countries that impeded power imports.
Similarly, there would have been adequate reserve margins to provide sufficient space to do proper maintenance on Eskom’s existing generation fleet, and thus prevent its declining availability and performance in recent years, including 2013 to 2014.
While Eskom blames the weak South African economy for the lower than budgeted sales volumes in 2013/14, electricity customers suggest that significant blame lies with Eskom itself. It has been widely reported that the minister of finance and economists have attributed a significant part of the decline in GDP growth, weakness in the South African economy and inflation to Eskom’s supply constraints and massively increasing prices over several years.
Without any doubt, Eskom's supply constraints and rising electricity prices have led to the deferment and even abandonment of many new industrial projects, as well as early closure of marginal mines and other energy intensive manufacturing operations in South Africa, leading to reduced electricity demand in 2013 to 2014.
Power consumers also point to Eskom’s power buy-back programme aimed at large energy intensive customers, and its repeated marketing campaign urging of customers both large and small to use less electricity in 2013 to 2014, coupled with rapidly rising prices, as resulting in a significant part of Eskom’s reduced sales volumes in this period.
The irony of then punishing customers with higher prices to recover the lost revenue resulting from Eskom’s reduced sales volumes seems lost on Eskom.
The consensus was that domestic, commercial, agricultural and industrial customers should not have to foot the bill for Eskom’s own failings, mistakes and inabilities to complete its new-build projects on time and on budget.
Some submissions also urged Nersa to consider that it would be in everyone’s best interests to ensure Eskom not only re-evaluates its entire business model, but also improves its debt collection from its direct customers such as in Soweto, as well as from defaulting municipalities, instead of punishing paying consumers with unaffordable tariffs.
The hearings drew to a close with Outa highlighting past and present pleas to Nersa to prevent Eskom’s unrestrained price increases. Outa suggested that in the past Nersa had chosen to ignore such pleadings, and had not acted diligently in the execution of its duties. “We will endeavour to hold Nersa to book, and act where we believe Nersa has failed,” said Ted Blom, Outa’s new energy analyst.
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Eskom will have seven days to submit supporting documents to issues raised by Nersa and electricity customers during the proceedings.
“The prudency or otherwise of Eskom’s R22.8bn costs will be determined by the energy regulator on 25 February. We believe we have presented a strong case before the regulator, and we’ll have to wait for its decision”, said Eskom spokesperson Khulu Phasiwe.