Cape Town - There’s a
fair share of fraudulent meat products on the South African market, according
to a new study by meat scientists from Stellenbosch University.
The study found that anything from soya, donkey, goat and
water buffalo were to be found in up to 68% of the 139 minced meats, burger
patties, deli meats, sausages and dried meats that were tested. In other cases,
even undeclared plant matter was detected.
These ingredients were not declared on the products’
packaging labels, the study found.
The findings follow in the wake of various international
food produce scandals that have made headlines.
“Our study confirms that the mislabelling of processed meats
is commonplace in South Africa and not only violates food labelling
regulations, but also poses economic, religious, ethical and health impacts,”
said Professor Louw Hoffman of the Department of Animal Sciences.
The products tested were collected from retail outlets and
Of the 139 samples tested, 95 (68%) contained species which
were not declared on the product labelling. The scapegoats in general were
sausages, burger patties and deli meats.
Soya and gluten were found in 28% of the samples, without
being identified specifically as plant material on the labels of the specific
A strong case of meat substitution was also reported. Pork
(37%) and chicken (23%) were the most commonly detected animal species in
products that were not supposed to contain them.
“Unconventional species such as donkey, goat and water
buffalo were also discovered in a number of products,” said Hoffman.
The researchers used various DNA-based molecular techniques
to evaluate the extent of meat product mislabelling.
“Our findings raise significant concern on the functioning
of the meat supply chain in South Africa,” said Hoffman. “Even though we have
local regulations that protect consumers from being sold falsely described or
inferior foodstuffs, we need these measures to be appropriately enforced.”
“Clearly, our consumers cannot generally accepted that the
meat products they buy are correctly labelled,” said Dr Donna-Maree Cawthorn,
who believes that the entire local meat industry needs to take more
responsibility in complying with relevant regulations.
“The meat industry’s failure to provide vital information on
products may not only decrease consumer confidence in their organisations, but
also in the meat industry as a whole.
She believes that targets must be set to improve meat
labelling practices and to address the adequacy of authentication monitoring
methods. “I do not believe that the current penalties issued for non-compliance
are sufficient to deter fraudulent practices.”
The study was published in the international Food Control
journal, and was done by Dr Donna-Maree Cawthorn and Professor Louw Hoffman of
the Stellenbosch University Department of Animal Sciences, in conjunction with
Harris Steinman of the Food & Allergy Consulting & Testing Services
(F.A.C.T.S) in Milnerton.