Brazil – The production profile of Anglo American [JSE:AGL]
will change dramatically over the next two years as its four largest expansion
projects are commissioned.
Three of these – the Kolomela iron-ore mine near Prieska in
the Northern Cape, the Barro Alto nickel mine and smelter in Brazil, and the
Los Broncos copper project in Chile will be in full production for the first
time next year.
The fourth and largest project is the Minas-Rio iron-ore
project in Brazil, which raised the ire of many Anglo investors two years ago.
Details of outstanding progress with this project were
released last week, indicating that forebodings and criticism had been totally
If Cynthia Carroll and her team succeed in getting Minas-Rio
into operation by the second quarter of 2013, she will silence her critics by
successfully completing one of the world's largest mining projects.
Minas-Rio, however, comprises three projects. These include
the construction of:
- An enormous iron-ore mine in the mountainous central
portion of Brazil in the mineral-rich province of Minas Gerais;
- A 525km slurry pipeline from the mine to the Acu port in
the Rio de Janeiro province; and
- The harbour quay for exporting its 26.5m
tonnes of iron ore a year.
Seventy seven percent of the earthmoving work for the mine
and enrichment plants has been completed. The rock-breaking plant is 65%
complete, the sorting plant 85%, a reagent plant 78%, and the primary milling
plant 56%. Structural and civil construction is 33% complete, said Minas-Rio
project director Stephen Hall at a presentation to South African and British
media representatives in Brasilia.
The biggest stumbling block was the servitudes that had to
be obtained from 1 423 landowners for laying the pipeline from the mine to the
According to Hall, contracts have been concluded with 1 308
(or 92%) of these landowners. A total 183km of the pipeline has been laid.
Three of the four tunnels in mountainous areas have also been built and the
fourth virtually completed.
This is the world's longest slurry pipeline. It is
considerably cheaper to build than a rail line, but the operating cost is the
It will cost around $2/tonne to pump the slurry from the
mine to the port, dry it out and ship it, said Stephan Weber, chief executive
of Anglo’s iron-ore unit in Brazil.
At the port the 440m-long quay and a 3km access bridge to
the quay have already been completed.
The Kolomela mine, which will be fully operational at the
end of this year at a cost of $1.1bn, will add 9m tonnes of iron ore to Anglo’s
The Los Broncos copper mine in Chile was recently enlarged
at a cost of $2.6bn. This will add another 230 000 tonnes to Anglo’s total
copper production capacity of 623 000 tonnes a year.
Last year iron ore represented 37.5% of Anglo's operating
profit of $9.8bn, and copper 28.7%.
The growth in iron-ore and copper production, the sparkling
future forecast for De Beers, and Anglos acquisition of the Oppenheimers’ stake
in the diamond producer, indicate that Anglos earnings profile will change
completely over the next two years.
Barro Alto, a new nickel mine and plant, will double Anglos
nickel production to more than 70 000 tonnes a year. The plant cost $1.1bn.
*The writer holds shares in Anglo American.
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