Johannesburg - A 16% increase in the electricity tariffs would result in many factories shutting down, the National Electricity Regulator of SA (Nersa) heard on Thursday.
The SA Clothing and Textile Workers Union (Sactwu) said this emerged from a survey of 93 different companies employing about 20 400 workers in the clothing, textile, leather and footwear sectors.
"Fifty-five percent of them said they would shut down and 67% said they would have to conduct downsizes and retrenchments," Sactwu official Simon Eppel told the hearing in Midrand.
He said this meant about 14 000 people would lose their jobs.
Many companies were already retrenching workers and others were cutting down on workers' hours in order to try to save money ahead of the increase, said Eppel.
He recommended that Eskom propose an inflation-linked increase or a below-inflation increase.
The Nersa panel, chaired by Thembani Bukula, is gathering views on Eskom's request for a 16% increase in electricity prices each year for the next five years (known as MYPD3).
The proposal will more than double the price of electricity in five years, taking it from 61 cents a kilowatt hour in 2012/13, to 128 cents a kWh in 2017/18.
Melita Steel from Greenpeace Africa rejected Eskom's call to extend the MYPD3 over a five-year period.
"We propose a tariff application that would run for a maximum of two years."
She said there were no guarantees that the five-year MYPD3 plan by Eskom would have any success.
Steel said besides the tariff hike increase, Greenpeace was also against Eskom's proposed nuclear plans.
"If all South Africans are to finance Eskom's capacity expansion programme, then Eskom should be investing in substantial renewable sources."
She said the nuclear programme was an environmentally irresponsible programme that would be even more expensive to run than the current method of coal.
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